Miscellaneous symbols

Some symbols for math

The following symbols are also used only in math mode

• \aleph - Hebrew aleph
• \hbar - h-bar, Planck's constant
• \imath - variation on "i"; no dot
• \jmath - variation on "j"; no dot
• \ell - script (loop) "l"
• \wp - fancy script lowercase "P"
• \Re - script capital "R" ("Real")
• \Im - script capital "I" ("Imaginary")
• \prime - prime (also obtained by typing ')
• \nabla - inverted capital Delta
• \surd - radical (square root) symbol
• \angle - angle symbol
• \forall - "for all" (inverted A)
• \exists - "exists" (left-facing E)
• \backslash - backslash
• \partial - partial derivative symbol
• \infty - infinity symbol
• \triangle - open triangle symbol
• \Box - open square
• \Diamond - open diamond
• \flat - music: flat symbol
• \natural - music: natural symbol
• \sharp - music: sharp symbol
• \clubsuit - playing cards: club suit symbol
• \diamondsuit - playing cards: diamond suit symbol
• \heartsuit - playing cards: heart suit symbol
• \spadesuit - playing cards: space suit symbol

Some other symbols

The following symbols can be used in any mode.

• \dag - dagger
• \ddag - double dagger
• \S - section symbol
• \P - paragraph symbol
• \pounds - British pound sterling symbol

Calligraphic style letters

Twenty-six calligraphic letters are provided (the upper case alphabet). These can only be used in math mode.

In LaTeX 2.09 they are produced with the \cal declaration

    ${\cal A}$


In LaTeX2e they are obtained with the \mathcal command:

    $\mathcal{CAL}$